Silver nitrate a soluble chemical compound. It is far less sensitive to light than the halides.
Silver salts have antiseptic properties, and are often dropped into newborn babies eyes at birth. This can prevent contraction of gonorrhea or chlamydia from the mother. Blindness and infections of the eye are reduced when this method is used.
Silver nitrate is used in organic synthesis for deprotection and oxidations.
Precursor to Other Silver Compounds
Silver nitrate is commonly used to make other silver compounds. It is the least expensive, soluble in numerous solvents, and relatively stable to light.
Silver nitrate reacts with halide anions to produce the insoluble silver halides.
Silver nitrate is used for silver staining. It demonstrates proteins and nucleic acids, and it is also used to demonstrate proteins in PAGE GELS.